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Sailing Ships of the Maritimes

As soon as the morning chores were done, we headed to the hay barn near Amor’s field.

Cliff had packed a hand saw, hammers, nails, spikes and rope in an old book bag. I carried a candy pail with a lunch that Mum had prepared.

Some repairs had been done to the hay barn and the old boards had been piled nearby. We worked most of the morning building a raft. Finally it was ready for the sail down the brook. As we neared the Black Bridge, we saw Gramp and Gram sitting on the verandah.

While Cliff poled, I jumped up and down, waved my arms and shouted to attract their attention. Suddenly one of the boards broke, swallowing my foot, causing me to fall. This threw Cliff off balance, knocking him into the water.

Soaking wet, we made our way to the house. Gram was concerned about our being hurt but Gramp simply asked, “Did the shipwrights use rotten boards in building the brig?”.

As usual I didn’t have a clue what he was talking about. If we had lived in one of the shipbuilding spots on the Maritime Coasts or Rivers, where hundreds of ships were built, I would have known.

Sailing Ships of the Maritimes: An Illustrated History Of Shipping And Shipbuilding In The Maritime Provinces of Canada 1750-1925" by Charles A. Armour and Thomas Lackey offers a lively and authoritative account of the development of Maritime sailing ships, from the privateers of the eighteenth century to the magnificent clipper ships of the nineteenth century and the swift schooners of the early twentieth century. It covers not only the ships, but the men who built, owned and sailed them.

In 1825, forty-five of the 145 vessels built in Saint John were brigs - vessels with two masts, both square rigged.

The ‘Tantivy’, a brig of 313 tons and 103 feet long, was built by Samuel Huston at Norton and launched on 24 Oct. 1827. The owners were Thomas Hanford and Thomas Raymond of Saint John. It was lost on Sable Island in 1834.

Prominent shipbuilders of Charlotte County in the 1830s and 1840s included Joshua Briggs, John N. M. Brewer, James Rait, and Robert and John Townsend. Many of the larger vessels were being built for British owners.

Robert Ellis came to New Brunswick from Tynemouth, England. In 1823 he established a shipyard at Tynemouth Creek, Saint John County. The yard was taken over by his sons-in-law, John S. Parker and Richard Lovett.

John Robertson was a major ship owner and timber merchant in Saint John. In 1867 he was appointed to the Senate.

Some of the shipyards owners in St. Martins were James Moran, David Vaughan, George Marr, Jacob Bradshaw, William Vail, William Brown and Samuel Carson.

The ‘S. L. Tilley’ was built in the yard of Seely and Roberts, at the Straight Shore (Saint John) under the superintendency of Thomas Morgan.

The first of the major shipbuilders in Sackville were four members of the Boultenhouse family: Bedford, Christopher, John and William.

Some names connected to shipbuilding in Hopewell are John Calhoon, James Brewster, George Rogers, Samuel Clark, James Whitney, William Hickman, and the Bennett family.

John Fletcher Taylor, Charles Edward Taylor and John Peabody Burpee owned and operated a fleet of seventeen vessels.

Ships were built with the sweat of the brow. Some of the tools used were, adze, fid, sailor’s palm, plane, and the broad axe.

“Prizes and Privateers” proved to be a very interesting chapter to me. Paintings, photographs, logbooks, plans and other illustrations provide information on vessels, builders, shipbuilding centers, hardships, humour and tragedy of life on board a sailing ship.

The 1975 publication, “Sailing Ships of the Maritimes: An Illustrated History Of Shipping And Shipbuilding In The Maritime Provinces of Canada 1750-1925" by Charles A. Armour and Thomas Lackey is available at several libraries and research institutions.

Query 1321
Golding: Samuel Wright Golding was born in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1843. Interested in any  information about his life and career.
177 Douglas Avenue
Toronto, Ontario
Canada, M5M 1G7
Telephone 416-485-2173

Query 1322
Foster- Weyman- McLeod: Who were the parents of Elizabeth Foster, born 1781 in Lower Millstream, Kings County?  Elizabeth married Henry Weyman in 1799 in Sussex Parish. Henry died in 1807 and Elizabeth married Robert McLeod  of Lower Millstream in 1811. Henry’s burial place is unknown. Elizabeth and Robert are buried in Lester Cemetery in Lower Millstream.
476 Pearsonville Road,
Pearsonville, NB
Canada, E5P1S6
Telephone 506-433-3569

Query 1323
FitzMaurice: Edward FitzMaurice, (1780-1842) and his wife Mary arrived in New Brunswick about 1830 and settled in Rollingdam, Charlotte County. They had three children John, James, and Ellen.
P.O. Box 34, Holden
Maine, 04429, USA

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Ruby M. Cusack is a genealogy buff living in New Brunswick, Canada. Send your New Brunswick genealogical queries to her at:  Include your name and mailing address for the benefit of the readers of the newspaper who do not have access to E-mail but could have information to share with you. Please put "Query" followed by the surnames in your query. For more information on submitting queries, visit
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